Sunday, May 24, 2020

Essay on Organizational Climate vs. Organizational Culture

Compare and contrast organizational (command) climate with organizational culture. Leaders have influence the organizational climate and can change the command culture. However to accomplish that they have to first understand the existing organizational culture within which they are operating. Culture is the behavior characteristic of a particular group. In an organizational setting, leaders have to be mindful of this cultural factors in the context that is sensitive to the different backgrounds of team members to best leverage their talent. There are three levels of culture. First level is the Artifacts. This is the surface level. It includes all phenomena that one sees, hears, and feels when one encounters a new group with†¦show more content†¦For example, the commanders through his self-awareness use their leadership to understand the organizational climate and foster an amicable environment. This type of environment can enable the organization member to communicate candidly up and down the chain of command. This type of communications can brin g up issues before they become problems that may threaten the fabric of command culture and climate. That in turn would create a positive environment and contribute to mission accomplishment. Contrast As stated earlier in the definitions, there are few differences between culture and climate. Culture is relative and affect institutions and major elements or communities, whereas, in small units, direct leaders are the primary operators, who shape the organization or unit climate. For this reason, organizational climate is short lived. It can change as the members of the organizations transfer in or out of the organization. This is simply, because the climate is a result of shared perceptions and attitudes about the unit daily functions. This totally the opposite for culture, which is a long lasting and more complex set of shared expectations. Furthermore, culture consists of the shared attitudes, values, goals, and practices that characterize a larger organization or community over time. In the Army or other sister branches, culture connects Soldiers to the past and to the future. They are deeply rooted in long-held beliefs, customs, andShow MoreRelatedEssay about Planned Organizational Change1514 Words   |  7 Pagessystem of accountability with safeguards in place to limit corruption is necessary. The third element necessary for planned change is that there must be an acceptable leadership that is not afraid to challenge the status quo. To overcome poor organizational systems that have hindered change, a leader with discernment for success must emerge (Stojkovic et al., 2008). It is within this aspect that the eight steps of planned change are involved. The steps outline what steps a leader must take to leadRead MoreNorge Electronics Portugal S1171 Words   |  5 Pagesï » ¿Case Analysis: Norge Electronics (Portugal), S.A. Organizational Design and Management, Prof. S. McGuire June, 29th 2014 Problem statement: Nevertheless Norge Portugal is achieving high sales results, there seems to be disconnect between the type of changes that is enforced by Joao Silva in the organizational climate and his conflicting management style. Joao Silva’s management style was shark which did not correspond to the entrepreneurial culture and the type of change that the organization hadRead More‘Organizational Culture Can Be One of the Most Important Means of Improving Organizational Performance.’ Debate and Discuss.1357 Words   |  6 Pages‘Organizational Culture can be one of the most important means of improving organizational performance.’ Debate and discuss. Every Organization has a culture that constitutes the expected, supported and accepted way of work and behaviour.  Ã‚  These influence everyone s perception of the business from the chief executive to the lowest rank. Organisational culture can be described as the shared values, principles, traditions and ways of doing things that influence the way organizational members actRead MoreStrategic Management, Goals, And Mission1436 Words   |  6 Pages(ROI) and individual performances of awareness, knowledge, and skills. Valuing long-term human capital investment at PAC Inc., can in-turn, further advance to achieve sustainable results as a competitive advantage. The social strategic mission and culture of PAC Inc. needs to grasp that it can succeed financially as well as socially. Human resources taking a transformational leadership role in this changing environment with ethical stewardship achieving PAC Inc. strategic mission and employee’s personalRead MoreBackground of Human Resource Management1652 Words   |  7 Pagesassessment and rewarding of employees, while also overseeing organizational leadership and culture and ensuring compliance with employment and labour laws. (Wikipedia) ⠝â€" Armstrong (2006, p.4) defined it as a strategic and coherent approach of an organisations most valued assets. - the people working there, who individually and collectively contribute to the achievements of the objectives of the business. ⠝â€" HRM is the organizational function that deals with issues related to people such asRead MoreSiemens Needs an Open Innovation Process1350 Words   |  5 PagesInnovation Practices, the first step was to promote trust and openness within an organization through enabling effective communication. Additionally, as it’s been stated earlier, support and space for ideas play a crucial role in forming creative climate. When OI was only considered number of directors were concerned that employees who participated in OI project could be accused in doing the wrong thing and will be penalized for wasting working hours (Hutter et al, 2013). This issue refers to theRead More Organzational Leadership Essays1653 Words   |  7 Pagesthe environment (Schneider, 2002). Organizational leadership has three general components: setting the direction for the organization, organizational performance, and change management (Johnson, 2011). It is critical for organizations to position th emselves in this competitive market for success. To maintain a competitive advantage an organization has to study the fluctuations within the environment and make the necessary changes. Assessing organizational strengths and weaknesses continuouslyRead MoreAnalysis Of Organizational Management During The United States Military1545 Words   |  7 PagesAnalysis of Organizational Management in the United States Military Throughout history, the theory of what constitutes effective management practice has evolved with the changes and advances in technology and society. However, there are basic principles of each theory that have either influenced contemporary theory or are overtly used in today’s organizations. For example, the United States military overall ascribes to a classical organizational theory of management with an emphasis on transactionalRead MoreThe Leadership Quarterly Essay12152 Words   |  49 Pages(2006) 559 – 576 www.elsevier.com/locate/leaqua Leadership and the organizational context: Like the weather? ☆ Lyman W. Porter ⠁Ž, Grace B. McLaughlin 1 The Paul Merage School of Business, University of California–Irvine, Irvine, CA 92697-3125, USA Abstract This article reviews the leadership literature from 1990–2005 in twenty-one major journals in order to determine the nature and extent of attention to the organizational context as a factor affecting leaders behavior and their effectivenessRead MoreHuman Resource Management : Influence Of Organization Culture1673 Words   |  7 Pages Human Resource Management Influence of organization culture Manjot Singh Student Id No: 30305024 Course Code: BUHRM5912 Potential influence of Organization’s Culture on the ability of organizations to obtain positive HRM outcomes This essay presents theoretical information related to organizational culture and discusses the potential influence an organization’s culture has on the ability of organizations to obtain positive HRM outcomes

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

The Metamorphosis By Franz Kafka - 1639 Words

In Franz Kafka’s short novella, The Metamorphosis, he presents the transformation of a man into an insect and the family’s adaptations to this change. Once the proud man of the house who brought in the revenue, Gregor is now an insect that cannot do anything but survive. At the beginning of the novel, the family tries to accommodate for the insect by feeding him and making him feel as comfortable as possible. However, as time goes on, they grow more and more tiresome of the nuisance living in their home. All the while, the family is adapting to being self-sufficient instead of relying on the hard-working Gregor. By turning the tables for Gregor, Kafka shows the audience the conversion of a once-helpless family slowly building into an†¦show more content†¦Gregor grows more and more depressed at the thought of no longer being able to help his family. He would think at night when he couldn’t sleep, who would bring in the revenue because his father who â⠂¬Å"Now elderly man, who hadn’t worked for five years now, and who surely shouldn’t expect too much of himself† (Kafka, 1218). His mother â€Å"Suffered from asthma to whom merely going from one end of the flat to the other was a stain† and his sister was â€Å"†¦still a child with her seventeen years, and who so deserved to be left in the manner of her life heretofore† (Kafka, 1219). In all, there seemed to be no one suited to replace Gregor in his support of the family. As each day goes by, Gregor grows more and more ashamed of himself because there is nothing he can do about his circumstance, as he can only listen through the door in hope his family works it out: â€Å"Whenever the conversation turned to the necessity of earning money, Gregor would let go of the door, and throw himself onto the cool leather sofa beside it, because he was burning with sorrow and shame† (Kafka, 1219). Gregor feels guilty he isn’t the one helping the family and it’s his fault to begin with that he isn’t a human being anymore. The stakes of how the family will live get higher and higher as each day goes on and his feelings of helplessness heighten. As time goes by, he comes out from his room and is shocked when he sees his father. He had grownShow MoreRelatedThe Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka1052 Words   |  4 PagesFranz Kafka wrote one of his most popular books, The Metamorphosis, during the literary period and movement of existentialism. His novella stresses many existential ideals. The most predominant ideal that is seen through Gregor Samsa and his father in The Metamorphosis is that choice is the opportune of the individual. One’s ultimate goal in life is to successfully find a balance between work and leisure. It is through the juxtaposition of Gregor Samsa and his father, the conceding tone of the authorRead MoreThe Metamorphosis By Franz Kafka867 Words   |  4 Pagesincluding rapid growth spurts. Metamorphosis is a biological process by which an animal physically develop after birth or hatching. Involving a conspicuous and relatively abrupt changes in the animal’s body structure through cell growth and differentiation. The author Franz Kafka, who relatively wrote little in his short life and who published less has been enormously influential on later writers. He is considered an export of German expressionism. The metamorphosis is Kafka’s longest story and oneRead MoreThe Metamorphosis By Franz Kafka Essay1496 Words   |  6 Pagesâ€Å"The metamorphosis,† is a story by Franz Kafka, published in 1915 is a story divided in three chapters: transformation, acceptance, and the death of the protagonist. There are many interpretations that can form this tale as the indifference by the society that is concerned with different individuals, and isolation pushing some cases to the solitude. Some consider The Metamorphosis as an autobiography of the author, which tries to capture the loneliness and isolation that he felt at some pointRead MoreThe Metamorphosis By Franz Kafka1246 Words   |  5 PagesIt can be hard to understand the meaning of the novella â€Å"The Metamorph osis,† written by Franz Kafka, without thinking of the background. Due to the fact that, â€Å"using† and knowing â€Å"[the] background knowledge† of a story is important to read a â€Å"text† (Freebody and Luke). In the novella â€Å"The metamorphosis†, â€Å"Kafka’s personal history† has been â€Å"artfully [expressed]† (Classon 82). The novella was written in 1916, before the World War 1 in German {Research}. When the novella was written, in the EuropeRead MoreThe Metamorphosis By Franz Kafka1380 Words   |  6 Pagesâ€Å"I cannot make anyone understand what is happening inside me. I cannot even explain it to myself†: A Psychoanalysis reading of â€Å"The Metamorphosis† by Kafka The Metamorphosis is known to be one of Franz Kafka’s best works of literature. It demonstrates the interconnection between his personal life and the protagonist, Gregor Samsa, of â€Å"The Metamorphosis.† Franz Kafka was born in 1883 and grew up in a financially stable Jewish family in Prague. He was the only son left after the death of his youngerRead MoreThe Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka656 Words   |  3 PagesMuch of Franz Kafkas story â€Å"The Metamorphosis† spends its time talking about Gregor as he struggles to live his new life as a bug. Gregor tries to find a analytical reason as to why he has taken upon this form but later on finds on that he has to accept the truth. From being an ordinary travel salesman and provider for his family to a abomination, Gregor becomes hopeless as he cant work or provide for his family. His new life as an insect causes a hardship as he is faced with isolation from hisRead MoreThe Metamorphosis By Franz Kafka783 Words    |  4 Pages In the story â€Å"The Metamorphosis†, written by Franz Kafka, Gregor’s family represents the causing factor that prompts Gregor to become a cockroach. Gregor’s family is a symbol of a repressive structure that inhibits Gregor’s every thought and action. When Gregor gets up in the morning to get ready for work and finds that he has been transformed into a cockroach, he ponders about how maybe he should just go in to work late and get fired, but then realizes that he cannot because â€Å"if [he] were not holdingRead MoreThe Metamorphosis By Franz Kafka947 Words   |  4 PagesThe Metamorphosis is a novella written by German author Franz Kafka which was first published in 1915. The novella tells the story of Gregor Samsa, a traveling salesman who one day awoke to discover he had transformed into an insect like monstrosity. Throughout the story, Gregor struggles with the horrible prospect of coming to terms with his situation, as well as copin g with the effects of his transformation, such as the fact that his family is repelled by his new form, and that he is no longerRead MoreThe Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka1021 Words   |  4 PagesFranz Kafka’s, The Metamorphosis, is a novella about Gregor Samsa, a man who devotes everything to fulfilling the needs of his family. Kafka’s existentialist perspective on the meaning of life is illustrated through the use of the protagonist of Gregor Samsa. Existentialism is a philosophy â€Å"concerned with finding self and the meaning of life through free will, choice, and personal responsibility† (Existentialism). Gregor is unable to fulfill the existentialist view of finding meaning in one’s life;Read MoreThe Metamorphosis By Franz Kafka1050 Words   |  5 PagesOn the surface, â€Å"The Metamorphosis† by Franz Kafka is an evocative story of a man transformed into a â€Å"monstrous vermin†. It seems to focus on the dark transformation of the story’s protagonist, Gregor, but there is an equal and opposing transformation that happens within Gregor’s family. Although Gregor has physically changed at the beginning of the story, he remains relatively unchanged as the novella progresses. The family, on the other hand, is forced to drastically change how they support themselves

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Movie Yasmin Essay Free Essays

string(135) " because of its visual orchestration, but also in introducing the viewer to this huge and rich religion and the way it sees the world\." ‘Yasmin is remarkable as a film for its cinematic economy: not a scene, shot or speech is wasted. ’ Explore some elements of the film in relation to this statement. The movie Yasmin, released in 2004 and written by the highly acclaimed writer of The Full Monty, Simon Beaufoy, is an impressive drama about what it means to be an Asian-looking Muslim in Britain of the 21st Century. We will write a custom essay sample on Movie Yasmin Essay or any similar topic only for you Order Now The story is about the young and vivid Yasmin, a woman who tries to â€Å"succeed, by the skin of her teeth,†[1] in the two worlds she grew up in. On the one hand there is her life at home with her believing father and rebellious little brother, for whom she has to mark â€Å"time as a dutiful Muslim wife until her arranged marriage can be terminated. â€Å"[2] On the other hand there is her life outside this domesticity, where she is â€Å"like a fugitive, maintaining a double life as she changes into Western clothes, wins employee of month award at work and goes to the pub with colleagues. â€Å"[3] One of the main topics of the movie is the difficult tension between being a religious and respectful woman and integrating into the Western society. Another important theme in the movie is the impact that the terror attacks in September 2001 had on the British Asian community in Britain. Yasmin’s story therefore deals with a wide range of themes such as discrimination, guilt, and the progress of searching for one’s own identity. It is especially â€Å"remarkable as a film for its cinematic economy (since) not a scene, shot or speech is wasted. † There are no fill-ups in this movie, everything has a meaning. This essay will explore some carefully chosen scenes of the movie concerning its sometimes hidden or masked intention and meaning. It will therefore especially concentrate on the beginning scene, which is regarded as being â€Å"the strongest part of the film†[4]. A closer look at the opening of the film is worth it since every well composed novel or film is creating a deliberate relationship between the beginning and the rest of the movie. It will be examined in the following, that additionally in the case of Yasmin the directors develop a consistency, a pattern of the main themes of the film, in the beginning. Everything is already there in the very first three and a half minutes; things shown in the opening reappear later in the movie; conflicts the film deals with can already be assumed in moves, placements, and pictures. It will be proven that, if taken into account every detail, every shot of the scene, the viewer will already be able to see the whole film in miniature in the beginning. The essay will therefore also have a closer look on what is shown in the opening scene and will then search for coherences and connections throughout the rest of the movie. It will hereby not go through the scene chronologically but will pick up separate shots of it and put them together in categories; although it will start with the first shot to which the viewer is introduced in the movie. When Khalid, Yasmin? s father, lopes over a typical grey English street followed by Nazir, Yasmin? s brother, a few steps behind him, Nazir? s bearing strikes the viewer immediately: the way he creeps a few steps behind his father with the hands in his pockets expresses discouragement, maybe even irritation. He seems to be unhappy with the situation, possibly because it? s too early in the morning, since gentle beams of sunrise just touch the wall behind them; possibly because he dislikes the purpose of their walk. His father, however, hastens to raise this purpose: in his hurry he turns around to see where his son has got to. It becomes clear that it is the father who controls the situation— that he is the leader whom the son has to follow. So apart from the obvious, the authority person walking in front might tell the viewer something about the relation between father and son. One could even go further and suggest it might also tell something about their attitude towards life, about their religion, about the way the head of the family is treated in the Islam faith. The scene therefore implicates the parental respect of which is set value in this family. How important this topic is to Yasmin? s father Khalid becomes more and more clear during the course of the movie: he repeatedly calls for respect towards the parental authority over his children. When Yasmin is complaining about her husband and gives him humiliating names, Khalid reprehends her immediately and stresses his will with a slight slap. He even repudiates Yasmin when she dares to apply for a divorce against his will. So the viewer already gets in this very first scene, in the very first seconds, an initial impression of what domestic life in this family is about: about respect and family ties. The two move on and finally arrive at the mosque, which is gated by a metallic blind. After abandoning their shoes, Nazir and Khalid enter the interior of the mosque; and in doing so they pace over a formidable carpet in a remarkable red. It s admirable how strikingly this little scene influences the movie? s atmosphere: after the grey and dusty outside of the mosque with its bleak stone-walls and metallic blinds covering the entrance, the viewer now gets an impression of the inside; the colourful, bright, shining red carpet. The jump is a quiet astonishing little moment: the greyness outside opposes the bright shining colour of the huge carpet these seemingly little people are crossing (amplified by the way the scene is shot: with bird? eye view). Inside the mosque the viewer gets a sense of richness, a glimpse on the whole tradition, an idea about the Islam faith. The scene is not just remarkable because of its visual orchestration, but also in introducing the viewer to this huge and rich religion and the way it sees the world. You read "Movie Yasmin Essay" in category "Essay examples" Later in the beginning scene there is a shot that shows the grey and grim wall of a Yorkshire stone house in the front, again contrasted by the beautiful outlines of the colourful mosque in the background. The two absolutely different styles of architecture standing next to each other implicate a huge imagery: the mosque as a symbol for the tradition and a stonewall which symbolizes the here and now, indicates how the life of the Muslim people in Great Britain stands side by side with the traditional life of the British natives. This deliberate expression of a coexistence of the two traditions is an expression of crossing cultures at its best in this movie, and at this point of the movie it also stands for a successful integration of the Muslim tradition into the British society. This impression is furthermore stressed during the course of the beginning scene: the mosque is using modern techniques; it is using the loudspeaker, the microphone, so a lot of quite modern technology. Satellites are shown. Here the movie is not only supposing the ageing culture of Islam against the modern British culture of science and technology but goes further: it brings it together. There is an interchange going on here through what the viewer can hear (the singing of Nazir) and what he can see (the loudspeakers and satellites). By bringing these aspects together at the same time the fusion becomes immediately clear to the viewer. In another shot of the beginning scene the viewer observes the vivid life of the Muslim community that is taking place in the streets of the town. Even though one quickly might suggest that this shot might be just a fill-up it, in fact, goes further: the viewer here gets an impression of what the life in this Muslim community is like. The reason for that is that later in the film, after the 11th of September 2001, the same streets are depicted deserted, isolated, dead. Whereas the beginning scene expresses the successful integration of the Muslim tradition into the British society, the contrasting scene in the middle of the movie now stands for the failure of this coexistence, for the loss of community. The remarkable contrast of this two scenes is to â€Å"illuminate Muslims’ increasing disenchantment with Western society†[5] after the terror attacks. So it now comes clear that nothing in the movie is there without reason: showing a typical East-Asian community in a British town is not a fill-in but is a part of the whole effort of later showing a community being disrupted. Nothing in the movie is wasted. One of the most impressing returning scenes of the movie is Nazir singing in front of the microphone. Also this theme is introduced in the beginning scene: after watching the film the first time, the peaceful scene in the beginning immediately reminds the viewer to the very last scene in the movie, when Khalid, the father is putting in a tape into the recorder as an ersatz for the son. This final scene has a huge impact on the viewer since one here really realizes that Nazir has gone off and will not come back. It is therefore a really tragic little moment: it is emotional even though there is no actor playing the emotion. What is on the first glance less striking but not less important is that the image of the son singing comes back three times during the course of the movie; in the beginning, in the middle, and in the end. It runs through the film like a red thread: in the beginning it is, as said, introducing not only to the family? s religion but also to the family background itself. In the scene in the middle of the movie Nazir, before he starts, coughs as if he smoked too much. Since the viewer knows that he started â€Å"indulg(ing) in petty drug dealing and consorting with local girls†[6], it seems as if he became corrupted by what he is doing with his life. His coughing therefore is again not without meaning but stands for Nazir? s life becoming more difficult to handle. The returning scene is a marker in the film and each time it means something different: in the beginning it is quite straight forward, in the middle it appears as a comment for what happened to Nazir and his life, and in the end it is tragic since he is gone and will never come back. So as a major thread throughout the movie the scene with the singing Nazir displays the different states the movie and its protagonists are currently in. A similar red thread s the theme of dressing and clothes that recurs throughout the film and, again, the theme is already introduced in the opening. By watching Yasmin changing her clothes hidden by one of the typical grey stone-walls one gets an impression of this girl transforming herself into another person. Yasmin makes an enormous effort of putting herself into the trousers, since they are really too tight. She tries hard to fit herse lf in, she even has to jump up and down. The connection is easy to make: this movie is about someone who tries to fit in with two different worlds, tries to force herself in. So here the choice of incredibly tight trousers simply indicate what Yasmin really wants: she wants to make herself fit. If something returns deliberately, a number of times, during the film it becomes a symbolic act: when Yasmin for example dresses up to revolt against her father later in the movie, it symbolizes Yasmin? s wish to break out, to be able to be herself. In the end of the film she switches to traditional Muslim clothes, since she is at this point of the movie staying in the side of the traditional. Here the clothes express how a religious thought became fixed and hardened. Dressing here becomes a signifier for her state of mind. Since it returns later in the movie several times it always tells the viewer something when it comes to clothes. So by following how the dressing in this movie changes throughout the plot one gets a neat impression of how the state of Yasmin’s mind changes with it. The clothes are never chosen without reason in Yasmin, there is an intention in every piece the actors wear. Even though it is just a little detail it strikes the viewer and is therefore very well-thought. So after Yasmin changed her clothes she turns over to her car and plays around with it: she locks and unlocks it with her remote control several times. This car is, as Yasmin later in the movie declares, not a ? t. p. car`, a ? typical paki-car`, but a sporty, feminine little cabriolet in an outstanding red. With this car, she wants to separate herself from those typical Pakistani people, and, even further, wants to declare her independence: â€Å"it gives her a life away from her husband and her home†[7]. By buying this car she is able to show herself and everybody else that she is different, what makes it an act of almost deliberate despair. But on the other hand, by playing around with the car, she expresses her excitement. She does it simply because she can. This gives the viewer a sense of how she is playing with things she owns, how she creates the parts of the world around her she can control in the way she likes it. The motif also returns later in the movie, after 9/11: Yasmin gets in the car and there is a news report on the radio about the terror-attacks. Yasmin? s reaction is as playfully as in the beginning of the movie: she just puts a CD in, and listens to the music. She does simply not want to think about, does not want to care. The viewer gets an impression of the ambiguity of Yasmin? life, of how difficult it must be to live in two different worlds, to create her life successfully around the different expectations the people she deals with have of her. The last shot of the opening scene in the movie depicts this challenge in a deliberate way: it shows the long, small, winding road Yasmin has to take day by day to drive to work and back. This road is the connection of the two worlds she liv es in; it is a connecting thread between not only two different locations but two different worlds. Yasmin is having this journey – this transformation, this struggle – every day. By driving over this street she is migrating from one world to another and she has to transform herself before she is accomplished with the migration, since she changes her identity day by day. Furthermore the road is connecting the two different worlds as well as dividing them. That becomes clear through the visual impact of this shot: the road is crossing the whole screen and Yasmin and her little car have to follow its way through the landscape; it deliberately makes the viewer ask: how long will it take her? And how long will she stand this? The struggle of â€Å"balancing two separate worlds in quest to please (a) conservative family, without sacrificing the obvious advantages of the Western environment†[8] is depicted as lovely and rich in detail in the movie Yasmin. It is â€Å"the beautifully realised opening, entirely without dialogue for a good few minutes, (that) is the strongest part of the film†[9] as it, as shown, already gives the whole of the movie, its main conflicts, themes and topics in miniature. Although this is a primarily visual scene, dialogue, if used in the movie, is very effectively— â€Å"Not a scene, shot or speech is wasted. But the dialogue is used economically and not in the opening: it is a visual opening; in general, Yasmin is a visual movie. Every scene, every act, every piece of clothing has a meaning. As the director of the movie, Kenny Glenaan himself, says: â€Å"obviously the beauty is what you can do within the frame and some people are amazing at doing that. â €Å"[10] Bibliography Dilks, Richard, Yasmin, in Close-Up Film, 2003, http://www. close-upfilm. com/reviews/y/yasmin. htm Docherty, Alan, Yasmin – Kenny Glenaan, in Culture Wars, 2001, http://www. culturewars. org. uk/2004-02/yasmin. tm Glenaan, Kenny, in a BBC Interview, last updated in September 2004, http://www. bbc. co. uk/films/festivals/edinburgh/yasmin. shtml Jennigs, Tom, Tom Jennings’ essay on cinema representations of European Asians Muslims, 2005, http://libcom. org/library/ae-fond-kiss-dir-ken-loach-yasmin-dir-kenny-glenaan-head-dir-fatih-akin-film-review The Hindu Magazine, Being Asian, Muslim and British, Online edition of India’s National Newspaper, 2003, http://www. hindu. com/mag/2004/11/14/stories/2004111400270200. htm ——————————— [ 1 ]. Docherty, Alan, Yasmin – Kenny Glenaan, in Culture Wars, 2011, http://www. culturewars. org. uk/2004-02/yasmin. htm [ 2 ]. Docherty, Alan, Yasmin – Kenny Glenaan, in Culture Wars, 2011, http://www. culturewars. org. uk/2004-02/yasmin. htm [ 3 ]. Docherty, Alan, Yasmin – Kenny Glenaan, in Culture Wars, 2011, http://www. culturewars. org. uk/2004-02/yasmin. htm [ 4 ]. Dilks, Richard, Yasmin, in Close-Up Film, 2003, http://www. close-upfilm. com/reviews/y/yasmin. htm [ 5 ]. Docherty, Alan, Yasmin – Kenny Glenaan, in Culture Wars, 2011, http://www. culturewars. org. uk/2004-02/yasmin. tm [ 6 ]. Jennigs, Tom, Tom Jennings’ essay on cinema representations of European Asians Muslims, 2005, http://libcom. org/library/ae-fond-kiss-dir-ken-loach-yasmin-dir-kenny-glenaan-head-dir-fatih-akin-film-review [ 7 ]. Dilks, Richard, Yasmin, in Close-Up Film, 2003, http://www. close-upfilm. com/reviews/y/yasmin. htm [ 8 ]. The Hindu Magazine, Being Asian, Muslim and B ritish, Online edition of India’s National Newspaper, 2003, http://www. hindu. com/mag/2004/11/14/stories/2004111400270200. htm [ 9 ]. Dilks, Richard, Yasmin, in Close-Up Film, 2003, How to cite Movie Yasmin Essay, Essay examples

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Componential Model of Creative Performance - myassignmenthelp

Question: Discuss about theComponential Model of Creative Performance for Theory. Answer: The componential theory of creative performance is a model that explains the social and cognitive components that an individual requires to produce creative work. The model has a broad application in which it can be applied in both academic institutions and the corporate world. According to this theory, creativity is an art and science of producing novel ideas that are necessary and appropriate in actualizing a particular goal (Amabile, 2012). The model has four key features or components that can be broadly classified into two categories: elements within the individual, domain-relevant skills, creative thinking skills, and intrinsic task motivation and component outside the individual that is the individuals social environment. Creative domain-relevant skills consist of knowledge, technical skills, expertise, talent, and intelligence that an individual holds in a particular domain. It also includes factual knowledge and familiarity of the domain in question such as in product design or chemistry. Usually, the accurate knowledge is derived from the formal education. The nature of the domain-relevant skills significantly affects the degree of creativity exhibited. For instance, an individual that has a conscious understanding of the general principle surrounding a particular domain question will be more creative than a person with narrow collections of facts (Amabile, 2012). Creative domain skills form a foundation from which a problem solver can draft possible response or solutions to a given domain problem. Similarly, an individual can use this knowledge to assess the viability of postulated reaction. Creative thinking skills otherwise termed as the creativity-relevant process includes cognitive processes characterized by the ability understanding complexities and an aptitude to break perceptual set during problem-solving. Similarly, it takes into account the cognitive process and personality traits that are necessary for taking a novel perspective on problems and skills of generating new ideas (Amabile Pratt, 2016). The cognitive processes entail the ability to deploy broad and flexible categories for synthesizing information as well as the aptitude to break out of the standard perceptual scripts. Creative thinking process involves a working model attributed with the ability to concentrate effort on a particular problem for a considerable period. The ideal personality characteristics include self-discipline, patience, independence, perseverance from frustration, and tolerance of ambiguity. According to this mode, more creative work or responses are generated when individuals und ertake activities that suspend judgment during brainstorming, entertains response options, and applies broad categories in connecting several bits of information (Simonton, 2012). Creative thinking skills are enhanced through training and experience in generating novel ideas. Task motivation is also an essential feature in the componential model of creative performance. There are two forms of task motivation: intrinsic and extrinsic. The former is centered on the passion. Intrinsically motivated individual to undertake a task simply because it is satisfying, involving, exciting, or personally challenging (Cerasoli, Nicklin Ford, 2014). In extrinsic motivation, the individual is motivated to work as a result of rewards, evaluation, surveillance, or work requirements. This model emphasizes the importance of intrinsic task motivation: it argues that individuals tend to be creative when they are motivated by intrinsic factors such as passion, interest, and satisfaction. The social environment feature of the componential theory of creativity takes into account the extrinsic motivators that can potentially undermine or stimulate intrinsic motivation (Amabile Pillemer, 2012). It also includes social factors that serve as stimulants or obstacles to creativity. Norms of criticism of new ideas and emphasis of the status quo have shown to limit creativity; however, factors such as real challenges within school or work, teamwork, and freedom in excessing new ideas have proved to stimulate intrinsic motivation and creativity. The componential model of creative performance can be integrated into learning programs as a strategy to enhance creativity among students in the discipline of sciences. In a science-based subject classroom, teachers should ensure that learners are engaged in building their domain relevant skills in regards to the specific discipline such as in biology, chemistry, earth sciences, and physics. Therefore, educators should offer comprehensive academic content that will enable students to have sound knowledge in science-based subjects. To enhance creative thinking process, the educator should give students the liberty to formulate a hypothesis and practical methodologies detailing how they will execute a particular experiment. During the process of developing the hypothesis, the learners can exercise their creative thinking skills. In case the experiment fails to produce results that are in line with their hypothesis or the expected results, the students will be intrinsically motivated t o find out what they need to amend in their methodologies to obtain the desired results. Similarly, educators should engage learners in project-based learning: this further enhances intrinsic motivation. Moreover, teachers should enhance a social environment that encourages new ideas, expression, innovation, and brainstorming. It is clear that componential model of creative performance, when implemented efficiently, can significantly boost creativity among student. The model specifies that creativity requires a convergence of domain-relevant skills, creative, relevant process, task motivation, and social environment. Therefore, the highest degree of creativity is achieved when an intrinsically motivated individual with a sound domain knowledge and excellent creative thinking skills works in a social environment that encourages creativity. References Amabile, T. (2012).Componential theory of creativity(pp. 3-4). Boston, MA: Harvard Business School. Amabile, T. M., Pillemer, J. (2012). Perspectives on the social psychology of creativity.The Journal of Creative Behavior,46(1), 3-15. Amabile, T. M., Pratt, M. G. (2016). The dynamic componential model of creativity and innovation in organizations: Making progress, making meaning.Research in Organizational Behavior,36, 157-183. Cerasoli, C. P., Nicklin, J. M., Ford, M. T. (2014). Intrinsic motivation and extrinsic incentives jointly predict performance: A 40-year meta-analysis.Psychological bulletin,140(4), 980. Simonton, D. K. (2012). Teaching creativity: Current findings, trends, and controversies in the psychology of creativity.The teaching of Psychology,39(3), 217-222.

Wednesday, April 1, 2020

Robert Frost`s Poems Essays - Robert Frost, , Term Papers

Robert Frost`s Poems Robert Frost takes our imagination to a journey through wintertime with his two poems "Desert Places" and "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening." Frost comes from a New England background and these two poems reflect the beautiful scenery that is present in our part of the country. Even though these poems both have winter settings, they contain very different tones. One has a feeling of depressing loneliness, and the other a feeling of welcome solitude. They show how the same setting can have totally different impacts on a person depending on their mindset at the time. These poems are both made up of simple stanzas and diction, but they are not simple poems. In the poem "Desert Places" the speaker is a man who is traveling through the countryside on a beautiful winter evening. He is completely surrounded with feelings of loneliness. The speaker views a snow-covered field as a desert place. "A blanker whiteness of benighted snow/ With no expression, nothing to express." Whiteness and blankness are two key ideas in this poem. The white symbolizes open and empty spaces. The snow is a white blanket that covers up everything living. The blankness symbolizes the emptiness that the speaker feels. To him there is nothing else around except for the unfeeling snow and his lonely thoughts. The speaker in this poem is jealous of the woods. "The woods around it have it ? it is theirs." The woods symbolize people and society. They have something that belongs to them, something to feel a part of. The woods have its place in nature and it is also a part of a bigger picture. The speaker is so alone inside that he feels that he is not a part of anything. Nature has a way of bringing all of her parts together to act as one. Even the animals are a part of this wintry scene. "All animals are smothered in their lairs, / I am too absent spirited to count." The snow throws its blanket of whiteness over everything, and to him it is a feeling of numbness. "The loneliness includes me unawares." The speaker has lost his enthusiasm for life. He cannot express his feelings easily because of this feeling of numbness. The speaker is also in denial about feeling alone. He is at a stage where he just does not care about too much and he feels a bit paranoid. "They cannot scare me with their empty space." He is saying who cares how I feel; I do not need anyone else. "I have in me so much nearer home/ To scare myself with my own desert places." The speaker was starting to realize that he had shut himself off to the world. He recognized that this winter place was like his life. He had let depression and loneliness creep into his life and totally take over like the snow had crept up on the plain and silently covered it. If he continues to let these feelings run his life, eventually everything would be snuffed out much like the snow does to nature. "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening" is a much happier and more upbeat poem than "Desert Places." This poem is about stopping to enjoy life or as the clich? goes, stopping to smell the roses. "But I have promises to keep, / and miles to go before I sleep." The speaker in this poem was a very busy man who always had obligations to fulfill and places to go. A feeling of regret is present. The man would like to stay and enjoy welcome solitude. "The woods are lovely, dark and deep." This poem expresses the joy of nature. The speaker seems concerned about what the rest of society would think about him just stopping in the middle of nowhere for no apparent reason. His horse represents society. "My little horse must think it queer/ To stop without a farmhouse near." He admits that just stopping does seen odd. He is also somewhat concerned about the man who owns the woods. The man almost feels guilty for looking so lovingly at this other man's woods. "He will not see me stopping here/ To watch his woods fill up with snow." I think that the speaker's life may be a little better off since he stopped to take a deep breath and enjoy all that really matters, the simple things. "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening" is the opposite of "Desert Places." The settings where exactly

Saturday, March 7, 2020

Ghost Hunting is Pure Fiction

Ghost Hunting is Pure Fiction It is interesting that in a time of increasing secularism and a renewed interest in rationality and skepticism, many people still believe in ghosts. Even many of the same people who dont believe in other supernatural entities maintain a belief in ghosts. Ghost hunting is still popular today, with reality  television  shows featuring ghost hunters and ghost hunting specialists that people can literally hire in order to inspect their own homes for ghosts. However, there is no evidence that ghosts even exist or that the  techniques  of ghost hunters are more than pure fiction. The popularity of ghost hunting and the belief in ghosts is not evidence of anything other than the desire to believe in ghosts. The Lack of Evidence for Ghosts and Ghost Hunting One of the reasons why the belief in ghosts persists is that ghosts are often considered invisible. Invisible things are harder to disprove. Many of the superstitions that have lasted a long time are invisible. People can simply claim that the thing in question does exist and that people cant prove that it doesnt exist, thus hiding behind the problem of knowing. Its easier to make this argument with entities that are invisible, intangible, and otherwise nearly beyond detection. People end up with functionally no evidence for them or against them, and the believer can simply appeal to the problem of knowing and win the argument on a technicality. Ghosts Manifest as Electromagnetic Radiation Of course, ghost hunters supposedly say that they can locate ghosts, so they do believe that there is something that separates areas that have ghosts from areas that dont have ghosts. They believe that there is evidence for ghosts. However, the evidence that they do choose could very easily be explained by something else. They use devices all the time that supposedly can be used to pinpoint the location of a ghost. However, these devices are usually just detecting electromagnetic radiation. The electromagnetic radiation levels in a building can vary depending on surrounding or distant power sources and not just the ones that the ghost hunters have immediately identified. One of the biggest tricks of their trade is very easily debunked. You will definitely enjoy reading these articles: Is Science Atheistic? Ghostwriting Can Science Go Too Far? Education and  Pursuit of Right Wisdom Environmental Education and Green Citizenship Extraordinary Claims Require High Standards of Evidence The belief in ghosts is an extraordinary claim that requires equally extraordinary evidence. Ghost hunters have electromagnetic radiation and noises. The existence of ghosts would mean that it was possible for a human consciousness to exist outside of the brain. Scientists have a hard time even quantifying human consciousness, and all evidence suggests that it is a product of mental functioning. As such, it could not exist without brain matter. Electromagnetic radiation and noises are insufficient to explain something as unlikely as ghosts. Old houses are often structurally unsound and they will make funny noises. The human brain is primed to look for patterns. Patterns of noises can easily be imagined as being caused by ghosts in the minds of people who believe in ghosts. People who believe in ghosts will look for even the slightest evidence that ghosts exist in a bias known as confirmation bias. The belief in ghosts is popular because ghosts are defined in such a way that it is difficult to completely discredit their existence. The problem of knowing is an unsolved philosophical problem. However, in order to believe in ghosts or ghost hunting, people need to get some evidence that ghosts exist. The idea that it is possible for human consciousness to exist outside of the body seems to contradict all that is known about human neurology. Ghost hunters will use the noises and electromagnetic radiation in old houses to justify the existence of ghosts. However, finding out that ghosts exist would require scientists to revise their entire understanding of the human brain. Electromagnetic radiation and random noises are easily explained away. They cannot be used as evidence for anything other than the complicated nature of the environment that people are trying to understand.

Thursday, February 20, 2020

Profit Maximization Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words

Profit Maximization - Essay Example Businesses have developed a heightened interest in promoting awareness on ethical responsibility. Issues concerning environmental damage, improper work regulations and inappropriate employee treatments and faulty production of products which either cause inconvenience to customers or danger public safety are resolved through the links on their objectives and actions. Value-based decision-making through integration of clearly-defined values into organizational structures of numerous organizations proactively address a broad range of community dilemmas. These organizations which attach functional aspects of operations to public welfare include various companies ranging from pharmaceuticals, automobiles, consumer goods to services. Corporate social responsibility, described as the alignment of a company's activity to public expectations, governs organizations which clearly show that public concerns and not profit maximisation is the common objective among organizations. British organizations alone would prove that improving the quality of human life is the primary objective of their operations. Consider GlaxoSmith Kline, a pharmaceutical company established in London whose aim is to improve the quality of human life by enabling people to do more, feel better and live longer. The mission to contribute to the improvement of lives guides the company in developing innovative medicines and products that help millions of people around the world. It does research for medicines and vaccines for the World Health Organization's priority diseases that include HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria. The company shows its care to Third World countries where debilitating diseases affect millions of people by providing discounted medicines to let more patients acquire necessary cures. These cost reduction schemes applied by the company in its business operations entailed losses from probable profit collections. Actual earnings have been reduced as a result of the pro spects that considered lowering of prices through discounts. The corporate strategy is indeed a way of the company to provide value to consumers and society notwithstanding the objective of financial advantages and profit maximisation (GlaxoSmith Kline, 2001). In the early part of the 21st century, the company made efforts to lower its prices on HIV/AIDS drugs for the benefit of developing countries in relation to their commitment to deliver ways to reduce costs and pass the savings to patients. As a result of their action, patients suffering from the illness in various developing countries were able to take medications and these constitute live of millions of individuals. Due to its desires to continuously improve access for healthcare products, the company gained international recognitions for its decisions that reduced barriers in the consumption of health products (Baker, 2003). In the pharmaceutical industry, social responsibility is not a practice of a single organization. Aside from the GlaxoSmith Kline, another international company with British operations that promotes global corporate social responsibility is Astra Zeneca. Corporate social responsibility is an integral part on how operations are run by the company